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Mayan Rituals on Cozumel

5 Best Mayan Ruins on the island of Cozumel

Exploring Cozumel’s Ancient Mayan Ruins: Uncovering the Mysteries of a Fascinating Civilization

Welcome to Cozumel! This beautiful island is home to 5 of the best Mayan ruins, providing a window into the culture and beliefs of this ancient civilization. From the oldest ruins at El Cedral to the most important site at San Gervasio, we will explore the majestic remnants of the Mayan past and uncover the secrets of their amazing culture. Join us on a journey of discovery as we explore Cozumel’s ancient history and uncover the mysteries of the Mayan civilization.

San Gervasio Ruins

San Gervasio Ruins

San Gervasio is the most significant archaeological site in Cozumel, revered by the Mayans as a place to honor their goddess, Ixchel. This deity held great importance in the Mayan belief system as the supreme authority on matters related to love, fertility, and health.

Among the most notable structures at San Gervasio is Las Manitas, a set of rooms where Lord Itzá de Cozumel lived over a thousand years ago. Other important buildings include Casa Alta, the Central Plaza, El Arco, Casa Grande, and Chi Chan Nah, which served as a site for rituals.

Visitors to San Gervasio can gain valuable insights into the Mayan way of life and spirituality while admiring the impressive architecture and craftsmanship that went into creating these structures. The site’s significance makes it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in learning about the history and culture of Cozumel.

How to get to San Gervasio

San Gervasio is located just 4 miles east of the town of San Miguel de Cozumel and is accessible via the island’s main crossroad. Visitors can arrange guided tours through many travel agencies, or opt for a taxi tour from one of the premier hotels in the city.

The archaeological site is open to visitors from Monday to Sunday, between the hours of 9:00 AM and 5:00 PM, and general admission costs $188 pesos ($10 USD). The average length of a visit to San Gervasio is around 2 hours, providing ample time to explore the various structures and learn about the site’s rich cultural and historical significance.

El Cedral Ruins

El Cedral Cozumel

In the town of El Cedral, the El Cedral Ruins are the oldest Mayan Ruins on the island, dating back to 800 AD. A striking white and red arch adorned with crosses marks the entrance to the ruins. Once the historical capital of Cozumel, all that remains of El Cedral is a small house-sized ruin. Despite its size, the site is accessible and worth a visit. 

The town of El Cedral is home to the annual Festival of Santa Cruz and El Cedral Fair. Commemorating an attack during the Caste War of Yucatan, this tradition is over 150 years old and lasts for a week, featuring a fair, traditional food, live music, and bullfighting.

Getting to El Cedral

To reach the ruins of El Cedral, head south of Cozumel along the highway to the town of the same name. If you’re coming from Playa del Carmen, you can take a ferry to Cozumel and spend a day exploring the island’s various sites. Many tour operators offer combined tours of El Cedral and San Gervasio, which you can book online or through your hotel. However, because of its remote location, it may be difficult to find tours that only visit El Cedral.

the Mayan ruins at the Cozumel Museum

Cozumel’s Museum for Mayan Artifacts

If you want to learn more about Cozumel and its people, visit the Museo de la Isla. This is the best museum on the island and it has been renovated and updated in 2020.

The museum has different galleries that show you the natural history, environment, and wildlife of Cozumel. You will see amazing photos and videos of the coral reefs, the mangroves, and the animals that live here. You will also learn about the human history of the island and how it has changed over time.

This is a great place to start your trip if you are new to Cozumel. You will get an excellent overview of the island and its culture. You will also discover some of the local holiday celebrations and how they reflect the history of the area.

The Museo de Cozumel is a must-see attraction for anyone who wants to know more about this beautiful island. You will enjoy your time here and gain valuable insights into Cozumel’s past and present.

Cozumel Museum Hours:  Tuesday – Sunday 9 am-5 pm  Admission: $9.00USD
the Mayan ruins at Punta Sur

El Caracol – Cozumel Mayan Ruin at Punta Sur

Another place you should visit in Cozumel is El Caracol, a small but fascinating Mayan ruin that is part of the Punta Sur Ecological Park. The island’s municipal government runs this park and they have a website where you can find more information about it.

The park is a beautiful place to enjoy nature and wildlife. You can swim and snorkel in the clear water and see the coral reefs and fish. You can also use the bathroom and changing facilities that are clean and comfortable.

To get to El Caracol, you will drive along the shore of the park on a dirt road that has amazing views. You will see the ruin near the crocodile lookout point, where you can also see some of these reptiles in their natural habitat.

El Caracol is a remarkable example of how the Mayans used their knowledge and skills to build structures that served different purposes. They used this one as an observatory and now includes a lighthouse for navigation. You will appreciate how this ruin is still standing after centuries and how it reflects Cozumel’s Mayan heritage.

The Punta Sur Ecological Park and El Caracol are great attractions for anyone who loves history, culture, and nature. You will have a wonderful time here and learn more about Cozumel’s past and present.

Park Site Hours: 

Please always double-check the official Punta Sur Park website page for current hours.  Admission: Adults $ 19.00 USD, Kids 4-12 yrs $13.00, Children under 4 yrs old get in free.

Northern Mayan ruins on Cozumel

Cozumel Mayan Ruins at the North End of the Island 

If you are looking for an exciting and different way to see Cozumel, try the stand-up paddleboard tour of the northern mangroves with DeLille watersports. This is one of the best excursions in Cozumel and it will show you the island’s natural beauty from a new angle.

This tour is not for everyone. You need to be fit and comfortable in the water. But if you are up for it, you will have an amazing time. You will paddle through the mangroves and see some of the island’s Mayan structures and old roads that are hidden from most tourists.

You don’t have to worry about anything. DeLille’s guides are very professional and friendly. They will help you with everything and make sure you are safe and happy. They will also tell you more about Cozumel’s history and culture as you paddle along.

The stand-up paddleboard tour of the northern mangroves is a great adventure for anyone who loves nature and challenges. You will enjoy this unique experience and see Cozumel in a different way.

Planning Your SUP Tour of Mangroves 

If you would like to book the tour, you need to contact DeLille Sports. Please note that they may limit access to the area due to weather and wind conditions on your selected day. To set everything up, get in touch with the staff guides at DeLille, and they will assist you with the booking process.

On the day of the tour, you will meet the DeLille boat at the North marina of the island. From there, you’ll travel by motorboat to the small access point where you’ll launch your paddleboards. DeLille’s experienced guides will be on hand to help you every step of the way, ensuring that you have a safe and enjoyable experience. Ask them questions you may have before or during the tour.

Sacred Mayan Crossings

Sacred Mayan Crossings

One of the most amazing events you can witness in Cozumel is the Sacred Mayan Crossings. This is a yearly event that happens in May or June and it recreates the ancient pilgrimages that the Mayans used to do to Cozumel. Hundreds of men and women dressed in Mayan costumes paddle from Playa del Carmen to Cozumel and back in two days using traditional canoes. The celebration starts with a journey to Xcaret, an important archaeological site in this area.

There, they spend the night doing rituals and prayers to Ix Chel, the Mayan goddess of fertility and the moon. They ask her for her blessings and guidance as they prepare for their voyage to Cozumel. They wait for the sunrise to start their adventure across the sea. This is a very spiritual experience that shows how the Mayans respect nature and their ancestors. The event is also a way of keeping their culture alive despite all the difficulties they have faced over history.

When they arrive at Cozumel, they go to the main temple of the island and make offerings to Ix Chel. They leave them there overnight so that she can communicate with them through signs and messages. They believe she will give them good luck and prosperity for their communities and families.

The next day, they get back on their canoes and head back to Playa del Carmen. As they paddle along, they feel a strong connection with nature and its elements, like the sea, the wind, and the stars. They consider this journey a mystical one because it changes them spiritually and emotionally.

This yearly ceremony is very important for the Mayans because it is a way of honoring their goddess and their ancestors. They remember how their ancestors were expert sailors and traders who used the sea as a source of wealth and knowledge. Through the ceremony, they also feel a connection with nature, which they believe is alive and gives life to everything on Earth. The Cozumel pilgrimage shows how much the Mayans respect the divine and how proud they are of their culture and history.

Exploring Cozumel’s Fascinating History: From the Ancient Mayan Civilization to Today’s Bustling Tourist Destination

Welcome to Cozumel, an island rich in history and culture! The Mayan civilization settled here around 2000 years ago and Cozumel became a sacred place for Mayan women to worship Ix Chel, the goddess of fertility, medicine, midwifery, and weaving.

Mayan women would undertake a long and arduous journey in wooden canoes to reach Cozumel, carrying all their possessions on their backs. At night, they would rest in the caves along the coast and prepare for the ceremony over the next few days. They would bathe in the sea and anoint their bodies with a mixture of salt, water, and herbs.

Today, the archeological site of San Gervasio stands in the center of the island as a reminder of the Mayan civilization and their worship of Ix Chel. It is a fascinating place to explore and learn about the history and traditions of the Mayans.

As we continue our journey through Cozumel, we must acknowledge the profound impact of the Spanish Conquest on this beautiful island. In the early 1500s, Cozumel was a bustling urban area with 40,000 inhabitants. However, in 1519, Hernan Cortes arrived on the island, bringing with him massive destruction and smallpox. The population dwindled to a meager 30 people, leaving the ancient Mayan civilization in ruins.

For centuries, Cozumel remained unoccupied until 1847, when a few families fleeing Spanish retaliation during the Caste War sought refuge on the island. These were the first permanent settlers, and they named their settlement San Miguel de Cozumel, which was the beginning of what we now know as the town of Cozumel.

The population of the island grew in the 19th century and by the 20th century, it had increased to over 100,000 people. With its stunning natural beauty and rich history, Cozumel became a major tourist destination and a popular place for cruise ships to stop and dock.

In response to the growing tourism industry, they constructed Cozumel International Airport, making it easier for visitors to travel to and from the island. Today, Cozumel remains a top tourist destination, offering visitors a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty.


Cozumel has many Mayan sites you can visit and admire. They are different in size and purpose, but they all show the beauty and wisdom of the Mayan culture. The locations and the architecture of these ancient ruins will amaze you. From El Cedral, the oldest site on the island, to San Gervasio, the most important site for worshipping the goddess Ix Chel, you will learn a lot about the history and culture of this region. Come with us on a tour of Cozumel’s Mayan heritage and explore the wonders of this ancient civilization.

Why Book With Us?

Book through this website, and we guarantee you’ll get the lowest price on the internet. You’ll be dealing directly with us, the owners, and we never charge booking fees, so you will save up to 30% of the cost over sites like Airbnb. Book our Downtown Villa in Cozumel here.

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A view of Cozumel's harbor

When was Cozumel Established?

The Fascinating History of Cozumel: Exploring Myths and Legends

Cozumel is a Caribbean island that captivates the hearts of all who visit. Its allure is undeniable, leaving tourists longing to discover its rich history and vibrant culture. One question from curious travelers is, “When was Cozumel established?” Whether you have already experienced the island’s beauty or are yet to set foot on its shores, prepare for a brief history lesson that dispels longstanding myths and uncovers the truth about Cozumel’s past.

The Ancient Mayan Legacy: Cozumel’s Earliest Settlers

The story of Cozumel begins over 2000 years ago with the Mayans, the island’s original settlers. Although this timeline may seem ancient, it lays the foundation for Cozumel’s cultural heritage. The name “Cozumel” itself derives from the Mayan words “Cuzam,” meaning “swallow,” and “Lumil,” meaning “Land of.” Thus, in the Mayan language, Cozumel translates to “Land of the Swallows.” Spaniards later gave this name to the island.

The Spanish Conquest and its Dark Legacy

In 1519, the infamous Hernán Cortéz made landfall on Cozumel, leaving an indelible mark on its history. Cortéz and his men devastated many of the Mayan temples that adorned the island’s landscape. However, the destruction was not the only aftermath they left behind.

It was the Pánfilo de Narváez expedition that brought disease to Cozumel on March 5, 1520. Narváez landed briefly on the island on his way to try to catch up with Cortés. He was ordered to find and stop Cortés on the orders of Cuban Governor Diego Velázquez de Cuellar.

This 2nd expedition introduced an epidemic of smallpox to Cozumel, leading to a sharp drop in population. By 1570, the island’s inhabitants numbered fewer than 300. 

In 1672, the Batab of San Miguel de Xamancab was Martín Cuzamil, the alcalde was Pedro Oxté, the regidor Gaspar Chablé, and the escribano Mateo Chan. In Santa María de Oycib that same year, Sebastian Poot was governor, Antonio Cab the alcalde, Diego Couch and Francisco Tzamá the regidores, and Francisco Cumux the escribano. All of these men signed documents in Cozumel in 1673, explaining this to the Spanish government.

Pirates, Logwood Cutters, and Cozumel’s Resilient Community

During the 1600s, Cozumel saw British logwood cutters who settled on the island. These settlers engaged in the logwood (dyewood) trade with Europe. The Spanish authorities labeled them “piratas” because of their tax evasion, creating the enduring pirate myth associated with Cozumel. However, it wasn’t until 1848, amidst the Caste War, that the island regained its inhabitants. Seeking refuge from the conflict, settlers from the mainland sought solace in Cozumel, reviving its population.

From Fishing Village to Tourist Haven: Cozumel’s Transformation

In the 1940s, the demand for synthetic alternatives caused a decline in the chicle industry, which hit Cozumel’s economy hard and led to many residents leaving in search of new opportunities. Those who remained turned to fishing as their livelihood.

The Cozumel airport was built by Mexicana de Aviación in 1929 and opened in 1930. In 1930 it was host to twice-a-week flights from Miami and Belize. It was improved over the years, each time by Mexicana (never by the US) until it was transferred to the government in 1966.

This is when Cozumel’s fate took a turn for the best when it became a paradise for divers, attracting enthusiasts from around the world. The construction of the cruise ship dock led to a tourism boom on the island. Cozumel has gained global recognition and more people are visiting to experience the beauty.

Cozumel: A Modern-Day Marvel and Coveted Travel Destination

Its beautiful scenery and picturesque views adore Cozumel. If you have been contemplating a trip to this enchanting island, prepare for an unforgettable experience. Cozumel is a sought-after destination for adventurers and nature lovers, because of its stunning parks, pristine beaches, and thrilling water sports.

Why Book With Us?

Book through this website, and we guarantee you’ll get the lowest price on the internet. You’ll be dealing directly with us, the owners and we never charge booking fees, so you will save up to 30% of the cost over sites like Airbnb. Book our Couples Retreat in Cozumel here.

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Mayan ruins in Cozumel Mexico - stingray villa, Cozumel

The Mysteries of the Mayans

The Mighty Mayans: Uncovering the Enigmatic Civilization of Mexico

Mexico is renowned for its delectable cuisine, rich traditions, and culinary delights. However, there’s more to Mexico’s cultural tapestry than meets the eye. This captivating country was once home to one of history’s most infamous and enigmatic civilizations—the mighty Mayans. In this article, we’ll delve into lesser-known facts about the Mayans, shedding light on their legacy that continues to intrigue us to this day.

Unearthing the Mayan Mysteries: Fascinating Discoveries and Legacies

For centuries, the Mayans thrived in what is now modern-day Yucatan, Mexico. Archaeologists unearth new and captivating findings about this unforgettable civilization. In 2015, they made a momentous discovery—a Mexican Mayan pyramid that stands as the tallest ever found, emerging a millennium after their disappearance. The Mayan calendar, known for its alignment with the stars and its association with the end or renewal of the world every December 31st, intrigued the world, with many fearing an apocalypse in 2012. Explore the ancient ruins that once sent shivers down our spines.

Unveiling Mayan Rituals: The Gruesome World of Sacrifices

The Mayans were renowned for their religious and medical practices, which often involved human sacrifices. Whether buried alive, shot by arrows, decapitated, or pushed into sinkholes, the details of these rituals are gruesome yet fascinating to explore. The Mayans had their own unique beauty standards. They were beauty-conscious and even resorted to flattening the foreheads of babies with wooden planks tied to their heads. Ironically, they believed that the sun god favored cross-eyed individuals and went to extreme measures to achieve crossed eyes themselves.

Sweet Secrets of the Mayans: The Ancient Love for Chocolate

Did you know the Mayans were huge lovers of chocolate? Evidence suggests that they were cultivating and processing cocoa as early as 2600 years ago. Chocolate held significant importance in their rituals and celebrations, adding a touch of sweetness to their ancient traditions.

Mayans: A Living Legacy in the Americas

Contrary to popular belief, the Mayans have not completely disappeared. Today, their descendants continue to live in ancient home regions in Mexico and South America, carrying on the legacy and cultural heritage of this remarkable civilization.

Unraveling the Enigma: Mayan Secrets Revealed

In conclusion, Mexico’s Mayans leave an indelible mark on history, captivating us with their mysteries and cultural practices. From astounding archaeological discoveries to their unique rituals and enduring love for chocolate, the Mayans continue to intrigue and fascinate. Explore the remnants of their civilization, immerse yourself in their rich heritage, and gain a deeper understanding of this enigmatic culture that still lingers in the hearts of those who visit.

Why Book With Us?

Book through this website, and we guarantee you’ll get the lowest price on the internet. You’ll be dealing directly with us, the owners, and we never charge booking fees, so you will save up to 30% of the cost over sites like Airbnb. Book our Self Catering with Pool in Cozumel here.

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